History of Buckingham

The town’s Christmas Parade is one of many important community events held in Buckingham.

Buckingham is located in the rural north of Buckinghamshire, UK. It can be typified by its Georgian buildings and its historical features, such as the Golden Swan and The Old Gaol, which stands in the centre of the Town. Previously the county town of Buckinghamshire, the town itself dates back to the seventh century and is said to have taken its name from the first settlers – Bucca’s people, who lived on the land in the river bend and were hemmed in by water. The town has a unique market heritage, with its twice weekly Street Market dating back to 1554 and a Royal Charter granted by Queen Mary. Now there is also a Saturday Flea Market as well as occasional Specialty Markets. There is plenty to see and do, with a variety of independent shops, restaurants and cafes, historical buildings, a museum and plenty of parks and green spaces.

There are also many varied events that take place in the town throughout the year, including the Charter Fair, Music in the Market, the Christmas Parade and the Fringe Week.

History of Buckingham

Originally the town nestled in the natural loop of the Great River Ouse, but developed past this boundary and is now the thriving town you see today.

The County town of Buckinghamshire from the 10th century, Buckingham prospered as a medieval market town, with charters from Mary Tudor in 1554, and Charles II in 1684, establishing market days and two annual fairs, which still take place today.

In the early 18th century Buckingham was in decline and following a disastrous fire, much of its centre had to be rebuilt. In spite of the coming of the canal and the railway, Buckingham was little altered until well into the 20th century. Today, it retains much of its traditional market town charm.

Buckingham has many interesting and historical buildings and features, though only two of the main buildings are open to visitors to look at internally – The Old Gaol and The Chantry Chapel.

You can download our Hidden Treasures of Buckingham leaflet or view our new online map for information on the special and historical places & features of Buckingham.

For more information